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ES6 in my daily life

ES2015/ES6 has been around for more than two years with all the exciting feature and syntax. After working with TypeScript and Angular 2 in a project for more than a year, there are the features that I often apply in my code.

Template literals

It provides the syntax for constructing strings. Basically, it helps us to:

  • Write multiple lines of string
  • Interpolate JavaScript into your string using ${}
//basic literal string creation
`This is a pretty little template string.` // Multiline strings
`in ES5 this is
 not legal.`

//construct string without the need to concat
const promise = fetch('/api/v1/users/${userId}', {
  method: 'post',
  headers: {
    Accept: 'application/json',
    'Content-Type': 'application/json',
  body: JSON.stringify(body),


It provides a better way to unpack value from arrays, or properties from an object into a variable.

var a, b, rest
;[a, b] = [10, 20]
console.log(a) // 10
console.log(b) // 20

Default Parameter

It allows formal parameters to be initialized with default values if no value or undefined is passed.

//function multiply(a, b) {
//  b = (typeof b !== 'undefined') ?  b : 1;
//  return a * b;

function multiply(a, b = 1) {
  return a * b

multiply(5, 2) // 10
multiply(5, 1) // 5
multiply(5) // 5

… (spread operator and rest parameters)

These provide a convenient way to shove any unnamed arguments passed to your function into an array, or do the inverse by calling a function with arguments extracted from an array.

var arr1 = [0, 1, 2]
var arr2 = [3, 4, 5]
//append all items from arr2 onto arr1
arr1 = arr1.concat(arr2)

//with spread syntax this becomes:
var arr1 = [0, 1, 2]
var arr2 = [3, 4, 5]
arr1 = [...arr1, ...arr2]

My useful tips collection :)

1. Swap variable

Using array destructive syntax

let a = 'world',
  b = ('hello'[(a, b)] = [b, a])
console.log(a) // -> hello
console.log(b) // -> world

2. Concat/merge array

I often use spread operator to extract array value instead of concat function.

const arr1 = [1, 2, 3]
const arr2 = [4, 5, 6]
const arr3 = [7, 8, 9]

//old es5 way
const result = arr1.concat(arr2, arr3)

//another old es5 way
const result = [].concat(arr1, arr2, arr3)

//new es6 way
const result = [...arr1, ...arr2, ...arr3]

3. Default variable with ||

You will find it sometimes very very helpful.

//old es5 way
function doSomething(options) {
  options = options || {}

//new es6 way
function doSomething(options = {}) {

4. Time testing

Ever wonder what’s faster: Looping with an i++ or looping with an i— ? Just use console’s timing method to test

var a = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h', 'i']
console.time('testing with i++')
for (var i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {}
console.timeEnd('testing with i++') //testing with i++: 0.010009765625ms

console.time('testing with i--')
for (var i = a.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {}
console.timeEnd('testing with i--') //testing with i--: 0.0107421875ms

To learn ES6

Starting with the release of ES2015, the language has continued to evolve at a rapid pace. We saw there is the tons of feature of ES2017 on the way, such as async/await function. So hurry up and digest the ES 2015 before it become outdated.

Published 22 Nov 2017

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